Clinical Trial

Disease: Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Malignancies, (NCT05643742)

Disease info:

B-cell malignancies are cancers that arise from abnormalities in B cells, and include B-cell lymphomas and leukaemias. While leukaemias typically originate in the bone marrow and spread through the bloodstream, lymphomas usually originate in the lymph nodes or the spleen and spread through the lymphatic system.

There are more than 70 known types of B-cell lymphoma, and these make up approximately 85 % of all cases of non-Hodgkin lymphomas in the United States. NHL is one of the most common cancers in the United States, accounting for about 4% of all cancers. B-cell lymphomas may grow and spread slowly with few symptoms (also known as indolent lymphoma) or may be very aggressive with severe symptoms. Other common types of B-cell lymphoma include:

  • Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL)
  • Follicular lymphoma
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) /small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL)
  • Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL)
  • Marginal zone lymphomas
  • Burkitt lymphoma

In leukaemia, the bone marrow produces abnormal levels of white blood cells. B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) is an aggressive leukaemia in which too many B-cell lymphoblasts (immature white blood cells) are found in the bone marrow and blood. B-ALL is the most common type of ALL. Note that B-ALL is also called B-cell acute lymphocytic leukaemia and precursor B-lymphoblastic leukaemia. 

Relapsed refers to when a patient has received active treatment, went off treatment and then the disease came back, whereas refractory refers to disease that is progressing despite active treatment.



NHL accounts for about 4% of all cancers in the U.S. The American Cancer Society estimates 80,550 people will be diagnosed with NHL in 2023. ALL accounts for less than 1% of all cancers in the U.S., with 6,540 new cases estimated in the U.S. in 2023.
Official title:
A Phase 1/2, Open-Label, Multicenter, Dose Escalation and Cohort Expansion Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Anti-CD19 Allogeneic CRISPR-Cas9-Engineered T Cells (CTX112) in Subjects With Relapsed or Refractory B Cell Malignancies


Name: Sarah Cohen, MD


Clinical Trials

Phone: +1 (877) 214-4634



United States, Missouri

Research Site, Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110


United States, Texas

Research Site, San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78229

Study start:
Mar. 10, 2023
120 participants
Gene editing method:
Type of edit:
Knock-out and knock-in
Regnase-1 and TGFBR2 double knock-out TRAC (T-cell receptor) knock-out to prevent graft-vs-host disease (GvHD) B2M knock-out (MHC class I to reduce T-cell mediated rejection) CD70 knock-out (to eliminate fratricide and increase potency) Site-specific CAR (CD19-directed) insertion at the TRAC locus
Delivery method:
Adeno-associated virus - Ex-vivo
IND Enabling Pre-clinical
Phase I Safety
Phase II Safety and Dosing
Phase III Safety and Efficacy

Status: Active recruiting


This is an open-label, multi-center Phase 1/2 study of CTX112 in subjects with relapsed/refractory B cell malignancies. CTX112 is an is allogeneic CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell immunotherapy comprised of allogeneic T cells that are genetically modified ex vivo using CRISPR-Cas9 (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/ CRISPR associated protein 9) gene editing components (single guide RNA and Cas9 nuclease).

Last updated: Oct. 16, 2023
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