Clinical Trial

Disease: Sickle Cell Disease, SCD, and Transfusion Dependent Beta-Thalassaemia, TDT, (NCT04208529)

Disease info:

Sickle cell disease is a group of disorders that affects haemoglobin, the molecule in red blood cells that delivers oxygen to cells throughout the body. People with this disorder have atypical haemoglobin molecules called haemoglobin S, which can distort red blood cells into a sickle or crescent shape.

The production of haemoglobin A, which is the principle type of haemoglobin in humans, is governed by 3 genes: HBA1, HBA2, and HBB. Each haemoglobin A molecule consists of two alpha and two beta chains, and mutations in either of the HBA or the HBB genes may result in abnormal haemoglobin molecules with reduced or diminshed function. Sickle cell diseaase arises from a single point mutation in the 6th codon of the beta-globin gene (HBB), which results in a valine instead of a glutamic acid in the haemoglobin beta-chain.

Abnormal haemoglobin ultimately leads to anaemia as well as other symptoms, depending on the exact mutations present. Diseases caused by defective haemoglobin fall into a larger category of diseases known as the "haemoglobinopathies" which also include the thalassemias, a related group of diseases that are characterised by reduced or deficient rather than abnormal haemoglobin. 

Frequency:
Sickle cell disease is the most common inherited blood disorder in the United States, affecting 70,000 to 80,000 Americans. The disease is estimated to occur in 1 in 500 African Americans and 1 in 1,000 to 1,400 Hispanic Americans.
Official title:
A Long-term Follow-up Study of Subjects With β-thalassemia or Sickle Cell Disease Treated With Autologous CRISPR-Cas9 Modified Hematopoietic Stem Cells (CTX001)
Who:

 

Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated

Locations:

United States, New York

United States, Tennessee

United States, Texas

Canada

Germany

Italy

United Kingdom

Study start:
Jan. 25, 2021
Enrollment:
114
Gene editing method:
CRISPR-Cas9
Type of edit:
Gene disruption
Gene:
BAF Chromatin Remodeling Complex Subunit 11A (BCL11A)
Delivery method:
Electroporation - Ex-vivo
IND Enabling Pre-clinical
Phase I Safety
Phase II Safety and Dosing
Phase III Safety and Efficacy

Status:

Description

This is a multi-site, observational study to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of CTX001 in subjects who received CTX001 in Study CTX001-111 (NCT03655678) or VX21-CTX001-141 (transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia [TDT] studies) or Study CTX001-121 (NCT03745287) or VX21-CTX001-151 (severe sickle cell disease [SCD] studies; NCT05329649).

Last updated: Jun. 15, 2022
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